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Hong Kong’s Civil Society: From an Open City to a City of Fear

The Congressional-Executive Commission on China (CECC) based in Washington, DC released a report examining how a once vibrant civil society in Hong Kong changed dramatically in the two years after the imposition of the National Security Law by China in 2020. The report provides insight into how the PRC/CCP crackdown has transformed Hong Kong, including measures the authorities have taken to silence dissent; challenges faced by people detained for speaking out against political persecution; the condition of civil society after the forced closure of the most influential independent media outlets and the largest civic organizations; and the implications of this repression for Hong Kong people who have left and for those who have stayed.

The Congressional-Executive Commission on China was established by the U.S.-China Relations Act of 2000 (Public Law No. 106–286) as China prepared to enter the World Trade Organization. The Commission is mandated to monitor human rights and the development of the rule of law in China. More information on CECC is available at:

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